You will notice changes to your breasts and nipple tissue throughout your lifetime, and many of these changes are perfectly normal. Your breasts will tend to lose density as you age and pregnancy, menstruation cycles and medication can all change the look and feel of your breasts. There are, however, some changes that indicate it’s time to see a doctor to make sure your breasts are not infected or developing cancerous tissue. Here are five of the most common nipple problems and changes women experience and what you need to know about them.
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Rashes on the nipple and surrounding breast tissue may be causes by the same things that cause rashes elsewhere on the body. A rash may be caused by an allergic reaction to certain fabrics or soaps as well as psoriasis and eczema. Excessive sweating may also cause a rash. If a rash develops during breast feeding it may be mastitis. This is an infection of the breast tissue that often forms around the nipple in breast-feeding women. Most of these rashes, though uncomfortable, are harmless and can be treated with topical ointments or oral antibiotics. In rare cases, however, nipple rashes can be a sign of breast cancer, so it’s important to ask your doctor about nipple rashes.
Nipple discharge can be frightening and embarrassing but, thankfully, is not typically associated with breast cancer or other serious problems. Bloody or clear discharge from the nipples usually signifies an infection of some sort but can be caused by certain medications, including birth control pills. Discharge may occur when you squeeze the nipple or simply leak out on its own. It’s important to see your doctor about nipple discharge so she can check you for infection. It is normal, however, for breast-feeding mothers to expel some milk in between feedings. You don’t need to see your doctor for this.